Principals in the Impeachment Proceedure

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Impeachment is the constitutional process where the lower house of legislative branch — the House of Representatives — brings charges against a civil officer in government — in this case the president. It is similar to an indictment, and the Senate then tries the case with the chief justice of the Supreme Court overseeing the trial. A two-thirds majority in the Senate is required to convict and remove the president from office. That means 67 senators would need to agree to remove the president.

Below are all those that are principal actors in the impeachment proceedure to date.
Mitch McConnell, Senate Majority Leader

Mitch McConnell

Senate Majority Leader

Chuck Schumer, Senate Minority Whip

Chuck Schumer

Senate Minority Leader

Dick Durbun, Senate Minority Whip

Dick Durbin

Senate Minority Whip

Pat Cipollone, White House Counsel

Pat Cipollone

White House Counsel

Jay Sekulow, White House Counsel

Jay Sekulow

White House Counsel

Alan Dershowitz, White House Counsel

Alan Dershowitz

White House Counsel

Impeachment Timeline

This is a timeline of major events related to the Impeachment inquiry in the U.S. House of Representatives and subsequent Impeachment trial in the U.S. Senate.

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Pre-Inquiry


2013

  • March 13: Paul Manafort has dinner with Representative Dana Rohrabacheras part of his unregistered lobbying efforts for the government of Ukraine. Vin Weber, a partner at Mercury Affairs, is also in attendance. Three days later, Manafort gives Rohrabacher a $1,000 campaign contribution. Richard Gates, Manafort's deputy, pleads guilty in 2018 to lying about the meeting to the FBI.
  • Winter 2013 - 2104: A popular revolution begins in Ukraine after its president tries to strengthen ties with Russia. Vice President Joe Biden assumes a lead role in U.S. diplomacy there.

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2014

  • February 21: Ukraine’s President Viktor Yanukovych goes into exile in Russia.
  • March 6: President Barack Obama initiates international sanctions on certain Russian individuals, businesses and officials, in response to the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea.
  • April 18: Hunter Biden, 44, son of Joe Biden, joins the board of directors of Burisma Holdings, a Ukrainian energy company. Biden’s directorship attracts attention because Burisma is owned by Mykola Zlochevsky, a minister under Yanukovych. Zlochevsky and subsidiaries of Burisma had faced accusations of money laundering, fraud and tax evasion. (Zlochevsky and the company have denied the allegations.)
  • April 21: President Obama’s administration begins funneling millions of dollars in aid to Ukraine after the country’s president, Viktor Yanukovich, was ousted in a 2014 revolution for backing separatists who supported Russia’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula. With a new but fragile pro-Western government in power, Vice President Biden oversees the effort in which U.S. funds are aimed at boosting Ukrainian armed forces in the face of Russia’s military involvement and loosening the former Soviet state’s reliance on Russian gas.
  • May - June: Burisma’s owner, Mykola Zlochevsky, is being investigated by Ukrainian prosecutors over possible financial abuses, although Hunter Biden is not accused of any wrongdoing. White House officials pointed to Hunter Biden’s status as a private citizen, and the Vice President said his son made his own business decisions.

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2015

  • 2015: The Obama administration and its European allies pressure Ukraine to remove its top prosecutor, who led investigation into Burisma.
  • February 10: Ukraine appoints Viktor Shokin as prosecutor general. Shokin inherits some of the investigations into Zlochevsky and his company. But Vitaliy Kasko, who serves as Shokin’s deputy overseeing international cooperation until he resigned in protest, told Bloomberg in 2019 that, under Shokin, the investigation into Burisma remained dormant. Kasko said the matter was "shelved by Ukrainian prosecutors in 2014 and through 2015," and Bloomberg reported that documents backed up his account.
  • Late 2015: While Vice President Biden represents U.S. interests in Ukraine, the Obama administration and its European allies push to remove the country’s top prosecutor, Viktor Shokin, as part of a crackdown on corruption — a long-standing problem in the country. As part of the maneuver, Biden threatens to withhold a $1-billion loan guarantee to Ukraine if Shokin doesn’t resign. Shokin had led the investigation into the owner of Burisma, although the inquiry was dormant at the time Biden pushed for the prosecutor’s ousting, the Washington Post reported. No evidence indicated Biden or his son acted improperly.

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2016

  • February 29: Paul Manafort submits a five-page proposal to Trump outlining his qualifications to help Trump secure enough convention delegates and win the Republican presidential nomination. Manafort describes how he had assisted several business and political leaders, notably in Russia and Ukraine.
  • March:
    • Paul Manafort joins the Trump presidential campaign.
    • Ukrainian officials vote to oust Shokin. A Kyiv district court finds no evidence of criminal wrongdoing by Burisma’s owner, Mykola Zlochevsky, according to CNBC.
  • March 29: Shokin is sacked by Ukraine’s parliament.
  • May 12: Yuri Lutsenko succeeds Shokin as Ukraine’s prosecutor general.
  • June 20: Trump made Paul Manafort his presidential campaign chairman after firing Corey Lewandowski. Ukrainian anti-corruption investigators reported that Manafort had quietly consulted with Yanukovych, the pro-Russian former president of Ukraine, before his overthrow. The Obama administration and the EU were opposed to Yanukovych.
  • July 31: In an interview on This Week, Trump tells George Stephanopoulos that people in his campaign were responsible for changing the GOP platform stance on Ukraine, but that he was not personally involved.
  • August 17: Kellyanne Conway is named Trump's campaign manager.
  • August 19: Trump announced his acceptance of Manafort's resignation from the campaign.

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2017

  • January: Burisma announces that all open legal cases against Zlochevsky and Burisma companies are "fully closed."
  • May 17: Rosenstein appoints former FBI Director Robert Mueller as special counsel to oversee the investigation into Russian election interference and related matters.
  • June 3: Mueller takes over an earlier probe into Manafort's activities in Ukraine.
  • June 27: Manafort registers retroactively as a foreign agent with the United States Department of Justice, showing that his firm received $17.1 million over two years from Yanukovych's Party of Regions.
  • October 5: George Papadopoulos, of Chicago, Illinois, pleaded guilty to making false statements to FBI agents, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1001. The case was unsealed on Oct. 30, 2017.
  • November 8: Congressional investigators have interviewed ex-Donald Trump aides about the campaign’s push to remove proposed language that called for giving lethal weapons to Ukraine.
  • December 1: Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn (Ret.), of Alexandria, Va., pleaded guilty to making false statements to FBI agents, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1001.

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2018

  • February 12: Richard Pinedo, of Santa Paula, Calif., pleaded guilty to identity fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1028.
  • February 20: Alex van der Zwaan, of London, pleaded guilty on Feb. 20, 2018, to making false statements to FBI agents, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1001. Van der Zwaan was sentenced on April 3, 2018, to serve 30 days in prison and pay a $20,000 fine.
  • February 22: Mueller reveals  new charges in Manafort and Gates case, filed on February 22. Unlike previous indictments, the superseding indictment was issued by a federal grand jury in the District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, and contains 32 counts: 16 counts related to false individual income tax returns, seven counts of failure to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts, five counts of bank fraud conspiracy, and four counts of bank fraud.
  • February 23: Richard W. Gates III pleaded guilty to a superseding criminal information that includes charges of conspiracy against the United States and a charge of making false statements to the Special Counsel’s Office and FBI agents.
  • August 13: Trump signs the Fiscal Year 2019 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which includes $250 million to extend the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative. The president indicates in a signing statement that this section does not “dictate the position of the United States in external military and foreign affairs.”
  • September 7: Papadopoulos was sentenced to serve 14 days in prison, pay a $9,500 fine, and complete 200 hours of community service.
  • September 14: Paul Manafort pleaded guilty on September 14, 2018, to a  superseding criminal information filed today in the District of Columbia, which includes conspiracy against the United States (conspiracy to commit money laundering, tax fraud, failing to file Foreign Bank Account Reports and Violating the Foreign Agents Registration Act, and lying and misrepresenting to the Department of Justice) and conspiracy to obstruct justice (witness tampering). On March 13, 2019, Manafort was sentenced to serve 73 months in prison, with 30 months to run concurrent with his sentence in the Eastern District of Virginia.
  • October 10: Pinedo was sentenced to serve six months in prison, followed by six months of home confinement, and ordered to complete 100 hours of community service.

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2019


March 2019

  • Spring: Hunter Biden leaves Burisma.
  • March 7: Manafort was sentenced to 47 months in prison and ordered to pay a $50,000 fine.
  • March 13: Manafort was sentenced to serve 73 months in prison, with 30 months to run concurrent with his sentence in the Eastern District of Virginia.
  • March 20: Ukrainian prosecutor general Yuriy Lutsenko told The Hill that when he met with US ambassador Marie Yovanovitch (a career diplomat who also served as an ambassador under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama) in 2017, she tried to influence his work. A month later, Lutsenko admitted this wasn’t true. But Yovanovitch was shortly thereafter recalled from her post, and Trump, in his July 25 phone call with Zelensky, insisted she was “bad news”.
  • March 22:  Mueller handed over his report to attorney general Bill Barr, who characterized it as clearing the president. Special counsel Mueller objected to this spin in a letter to Barr that became public in May, writing, “The summary letter the Department sent to Congress and released to the public…did not fully capture the context, nature, and substance of this Office’s work and conclusions.”.

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April 2019

  • April 1: In one of several pieces on Ukraine, The Hill‘s conservative opinion columnist John Solomon writes that Joe Biden, as vice president, pressured Ukraine to fire its prosecutor general, Viktor Shokin, in March 2016 at a time when Shokin’s office was investigating Burisma, a private Ukrainian gas company, and its board members, including Hunter Biden. Solomon writes that Ukraine had “reopened” its investigation of Burisma after Biden had bragged about forcing Shokin out of office. (There is no evidence of any wrongdoing by either Biden or his son, or that Hunter Biden was ever under investigation.
  • April 18:  Mueller’s redacted report was released widely on April 18. He concluded that the Russians interfered with the 2016 presidential election, and that some Trump campaign members met with Russian agents, but found no conspiracy. Mueller also reported on Trump’s possible obstruction of justice. He did not exonerate Trump. However, the special counsel didn’t charge him either. He claimed Justice Department guidance barred this, and left the matter to lawmakers.
  • April 19: In a Fox News interview, Trump claims Joe Biden pushed Ukraine to oust Shokin to block the prosecution of Hunter Biden. This claim is inconsistent with statements from other former Ukrainian prosecutors and anti-corruption activists.
  • April 21: Actor-turned-politician Zelensky was elected president. Trump called to congratulate him, and to press his own agenda, urging Zelensky to coordinate with Giuliani in his two pet investigations—the Bidens, and Ukraine’s role in getting Trump’s 2016 campaign chair into hot water. Zelensky referred to this call in his July 25 talk with Trump.
  • April 25:
    • On Fox News, Trump said Barr would want to look into Ukraine’s involvement in the 2016 US presidential elections.
    • Joe Biden announces his run for 2020 presidency.

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May 2019

  • May:
    • Giuliani meets with “a top Ukrainian anti-corruption prosecutor, Nazar Kholodnytsky, in Paris,” according to the Washington Post.
    • Undersecretary of Defense for Policy John Rood writes in a letter to congressional committees that he has “certified” that Ukraine “has taken substantial actions to make defense institutional reforms for the purposes of decreasing corruption, increasing accountability, and sustaining improvements of combat capability enabled by U.S. assistance.” The letter says “now that this defense institutional reform has occurred,” the Defense Department can provide support to Ukraine. “Implementation of this further support will begin no sooner than 15 days following this notification.” This was the second notice sent to Congress regarding $250 million Congress had appropriated for security aid to Ukraine for fiscal 2019. The first notice on the Defense Department’s plan for the appropriated money was sent in February.
  • May 6: The U.S. State Department announces that the ambassador to Ukraine, Marie Yovanovitch, would leave her post as planned, but others say she was recalled early after right-wing attacks accused her, without proof, of hampering probes in Ukraine. Democrats charge a political smear.
  • May 9: Trump’s personal lawyer Rudolph W. Giuliani says he will travel to Ukraine to encourage an investigation into the Bidens, including Hunter Biden’s paid role on the board of the country’s largest gas company. “And I’m going to give them reasons why they shouldn’t stop it because that information will be very, very helpful to my client, and may turn out to be helpful to my government,” he said.
  • May 10: Giuliani cancels a visit to Ukraine after Democrats denounce his effort to push the country to open investigations that he hoped would benefit Trump politically. Democrats say the plan signaled a clear attempt to recruit a foreign nation to influence a U.S. election. "We’re not meddling in an election, we’re meddling in an investigation, which we have a right to do," said Giuliani in an interview with the New York Times.
  • May 14: Giuliani tells a Ukrainian journalist that Yovanovitch was removed as the U.S. ambassador “because she was part of the efforts against the President.” (This is contained in the whistleblower’s complaint.)
  • May 16: Lutsenko, Ukraine’s prosecutor general, tells Bloomberg News that there is no evidence that Hunter Biden violated “any Ukrainian laws — at least as of now, we do not see any wrongdoing.” A former prosecutor said that the investigation of Burisma was dormant when Shokin was removed as prosecutor general in March 2016. Lutsenko, who has since resigned, says a corruption investigation into leaders of Ukrainian gas companies concerned a potential money-laundering transaction that had occurred before Hunter Biden joined the board. “Biden was definitely not involved,” Lutsenko tells Bloomberg News. “We do not have any grounds to think that there was any wrongdoing starting from 2014.”
  • May 19: In a Fox News interview, Trump says Joe Biden pressured Ukraine to fire a prosecutor who “was after his son,” Hunter Biden. (There is no evidence that Hunter Biden was under investigation, or that Joe Biden took any official action on his son’s behalf).
  • May 23: In an Oval Office meeting with Mr. Trump, Kurt D. Volker, then the special envoy to Ukraine; Gordon D. Sondland, the United States ambassador to the European Union; and Rick Perry, the energy secretary, all describe Mr. Zelensky as a committed reformer who deserves American support. All three attended Mr. Zelensky’s swearing-in in Kiev three days earlier.

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June 2019

  • June 12: Trump told ABC News anchor George Stephanopoulos that he’d likely take damaging information on a political rival from a foreign government rather than turning it over to the FBI without considering the contents. “I think you might want to listen, there isn’t anything wrong with listening. If somebody called from a country, Norway, [and said] ‘we have information on your opponent’—oh, I think I’d want to hear it.” He said that accepting such information would not amount to election interference. Observers said it was a sign that the special counsel’s investigation had no effect on Trump’s view of the propriety of taking foreign assistance for domestic political advantage.
  • June 18: The Defense Department announces it will send the $250 million in security assistance funding to Ukraine.

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July 2019

  • Mid-July: In mid-July, the whistleblower learned of a sudden change in US policy. Funding approved by legislators to support Ukraine in the face of Russian aggression had been halted. Members of the Ukrainian Caucus in Congress said the explanation they were given was “interagency delay.” Trump personally ordered the funds withheld.
  • July 18: The Trump administration orders almost $400 million in military aid to Ukraine be put on hold before he calls the new president, The Washington Post first reported. according to the whistleblower complaint, an Office of Management and Budget official tells federal agencies that Trump had frozen security aid to Ukraine “earlier that month.”
  • July 19: Trump’s special envoy to Ukraine, Kurt Volker, texts Giuliani and says he will connect him with “Andrey Yermak, who is very close” to Zelensky.
  • July 24: Special counsel Robert Mueller testifies to the House about his investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election; says his team did not clear Trump of obstructing justice but also did not reach a determination as to whether the president committed a crime. Trump would refer to in a phone call with Zelensky the next day.
  • July 25: Trump directly asks Ukrainian President Zelensky for a “favor” while discussing U.S. military aid during a July 25 phone call, according to a White House memo that would later be released. The phone call was one day after former special counsel Robert S. Mueller III testified before Congress on the nearly two-year investigation he led into Russian election interference in 2016 and potential obstruction of justice.
  • July 25: It is later reported that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was in on the Trump-Ukraine call.

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August 2019

  • Early August: Giuliani traveled to Madrid to meet with Zelensky adviser Andriy Yermak, according to the whistleblower.
  • August 12: The whistleblower complaint deemed “an urgent concern” is filed with the intelligence community’s inspector general, Michael Atkinson.
  • August 28: Politico reports that Trump refused to dispense $250 million in funds for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative and that he had requested that his national security team review the funding “in order to ensure the money is being used in the best interest of the United States.
  • Late August: Inspector General Mike Atkinson deemed the report credible and passed it to the acting director of national intelligence Joseph Maguire, who had seven days to tell Congress about if if he agreed the information was urgent.

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September 2019

  • September 3:
    • Members of the bipartisan Ukraine Caucus in the Senate express “deep concern” to Director of the Office of Management and Budget Mick Mulvaney over the reports that funds for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative were not obligated.
    • Justice Department memo said the whistleblower complaint didn’t meet the statutory definition of “urgent concern.”
  • September 4: The Trump administration is defunding construction projects across Europe designed to help allies deter Russia.. Those include more than $770 million worth of projects for the European Deterrence Initiative and its predecessor program, which President Barack Obama launched in 2014 to shore up the defenses of European allies after Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine.
  • September 9: The ICIG sends a letter to Schiff and Nunes, alerting them to the existence of an “urgent” and “credible” whistleblower complaint. The letter discloses that, despite the ICIG’s assessment, Acting Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Joseph Maguire does not believe he is required to transmit the complaint to Congress.
  • September 11: The White House released $250 million to Ukraine, explaining the delay by saying the president was mulling how to use the funds to advance “American national security interests.”
  • September 13: Intelligence Committee Chairman Rep. Adam B. Schiff (D-Burbank) issues a subpoena for Joseph Maguire, the acting director of national intelligence, to appear before the panel after Schiff said Maguire had not transmitted the complaint to Congress within seven days, “in violation of the law.” After a two-week delay, which Democrats claimed violated the law, Maguire gave the complaint to lawmakers, and a declassified version was released to the public on September 26.
  • September 17:Inspector General,Mike Atkinson told the intelligence committee that Maguire and the Justice Department advised him against revealing the whistleblower report and that he disagreed with that decision.
  • September 18: The Washington Post reports that the whistleblower complaint is about a conversation between Trump and a foreign leader. Reports emerge that Trump made a ‘promise’ to a foreign leader.
  • September 19: Inspector general, Mike Atkinson, refuses to discuss the substance of the whistleblower complaint at a closed-door House Intelligence Committee meeting. Trump rejects the report as “fake news” and “presidential harassment.” Some of the whistleblower’s allegations appear to center on Ukraine, according to reports from the Washington Post and the New York Times.
  • September 20:
    • Trump defends himself as House Democrats demand the release of the whistleblower complaint. The controversy refocuses attention on Trump’s attempts to undercut Biden after reports that the president urged Ukrainian officials to investigate Hunter Biden’s business dealings for possible corruption.
    • When questioned by CNN’s Chris Cuomo if he asked Ukrainian government officials to investigate Biden, Giuliani says, “Of course I did.”
  • September 22: After the existence of the whistleblower became known -- but before the complaint was released -- House Speaker Nancy Pelosi sent a  letter to her colleagues imploring the Trump administration to allow the whistleblower to come before Congress.

  • September 23: The Washington Post reports that Trump ordered chief of staff Mike Mulvaney to withhold roughly $400 million in aid to Ukraine, including the $250 million for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative managed by the Pentagon and $141 million given through the State Department to help with efforts to deter Russian aggression, at least a week before the July 25 call. The Departments of State and Defense were notified of the president’s decision on July 18.
  • September 24:
    • Trump confirms he withheld military aid from Ukraine and this time says it was because the United States was contributing more than European countries.
    • The heads of the House Committees on Foreign Affairs, Intelligence and Oversight give the White House until Sept. 26 to produce documents related to press reports that Giuliani urged the Ukrainian government to engage in investigations that could benefit the President politically.
    • Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) announced that six committees of the House of Representatives would undertake a formal impeachment inquiry against the President. Pelosi accused Trump of betraying his oath of office, U.S. national security, and the integrity of the country's elections..
    • House calls for the release of the whistleblower complaint. A unanimous vote. 421-0.
    • Senate calls for the release of the whistleblower complaint. A unanimous vote. 100-0.
  • September 25: The White House releases released a transcription memo of the  30-minute Trump-Zelensky call. According to the transcript, Trump asked Zelensky both to investigate Biden and to look into CrowdStrike, a cybersecurity firm that did work for the Democrats in the 2016 election. Trump asked Zelensky at least five separate times on the call to work with Atty. Gen. William Barr on such investigations. Trump also urged Zelensky several times to speak to Giuliani, the president’s personal attorney.
  • September 26:
    • The House Intelligence Committee releases a  redacted version of the whistleblower complaint which alleges that White House officials took unusual steps to secure the transcript of Trump’s July 25 call with Zelensky.
    • At a contentious House committee hearing Thursday morning, Maguire, the acting director of national intelligence, is criticized by Democrats for initially failing to disclose the whistleblower’s complaint.
    •  Inpector general letter regarding the whistleblower complaint released.
    • Trump accused the whistleblower of being a "spy" and guilty of treason, before noting that treason is punishable by death.
  • September 27:
    • Details emerged that the White House had used a highly classified computer system to store memorandums of conversations with the leaders and officials of countries including Ukraine, Saudi Arabia and Russia.
    • A subpoena request was issued by the House to obtain documents Secretary of State Mike Pompeo refused to release earlier. Said documents include several interactions between Trump, Giuliani, and Ukrainian government officials.
    • House Intelligence Committee, the House Foreign Relations Committee, and the House Oversight and Reform Committee notify Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo via subpoena that they seek multiple categories of records that may be related to President and his allies’ efforts to pressure Ukraine to probe his political rival. The Democrats demanded that Pompeo turn over documents relevant to their impeachment inquiry and make State Department officials available for depositions. Depostitions for several State Department officials scheduled for October.
  • September 28: A lawyer for the whistleblower cited Trump's statements  in a letter to express his concerns that "our client will be put in harm's way." .
  • September 30:
    • Another report revealed that Trump also requested that Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison help U.S. Attorney General William Barr gather information in an attempt to discredit the Mueller investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.
    • The House Oversight Committee issue a subpoena to Trump's personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani, as well as to three of Giuliani's associates, for documents relating to the Ukraine call. They are as follows:
    •  Lev Parnas (Giuliani associate) subpoenaed for Ukraine-related documents. Deadline Oct. 7. To be deposed Thursday, Oct. 10
    •  Igor Fruman (Giuliani associate) subpoenaed for Ukraine-related documents. Deadline Oct. 7. To be deposed Friday, Oct. 11
    •  Semyon "Sam" Kislin (Giuliani associate) subpoenaed for Ukraine-related documents. Deadline Oct. 7. To be deposed Monday, Oct 14.
    •   Rudy Giuliani subpoenaed for Ukraine-related documents. Also Giuliani subpoena schedule. Deadline Oct. 15.

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October 2019

  • October 1:
    • Secretary of State Mike Pompeo questioned the authority of three House committees conducting the impeachment probe to summon testimony from the diplomats and said they would not appear to testify in the coming week as requested.
    • State Department inspector general requests "urgent" Hill briefing on Ukraine documents for tomorrow. The offer for documents came roughly an hour after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s strongly worded letter pushing back against the Democrats scheduled depositions of state officials and subpoena for documents, sources said.
  • October 2:
    • Former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Marie “Masha” Yovanovitch deposition postponed until Oct 11.
    • After a week of side stepping questions relating to the transcribed Trump-Zelenzky call, Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo admitted in a news interview in Italy that he was present and listening in on the call.
    • The Washington Post reported on Wednesday that Pence played a central part in the Trump world dealings with Ukraine — but people in Pence's camp also told the newspaper that the vice president didn't know about the Biden angle.
    • State Department Inspector General Steve Linick gave a private briefing to bipartisan staff from eight House and Senate committees and gave them documents that the State Department had received from Trump’s private attorney Rudy Giuliani. The documents included unfounded allegations of wrongdoing against Biden and former US Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch.
  • October 3:
    • Former US Special Envoy for Ukraine Kurt Volker sat for a private deposition with House lawmakers and provided Congress with text messages he exchanged with Trump’s personal attorney Rudy Giuliani as well as with State Department officials. He denied participating in any effort to dig up political dirt, but the texts revealed that he talked to Ukrainian officials about resurrecting investigations that touched on the family of Biden over unfounded corruption claims.
    • Trump publicly asks China to investigate the Bidens, a similar request to the one he made to Ukraine which started the impeachment inquiry.
    • IRS whistleblower complaint alleges Treasury Department appointee tried to interfere with Trump or Pence’s tax returns. The IRS whistleblower complaint first emerged months ago in a lawsuit by Rep. Richard Neal over Trump’s tax returns.
    • U.S. District Judge Amy Berman Jackson issued the order Thursday, directing that White House officials not destroy records of “meetings, phone calls, and other communications with foreign leaders.” The order came in a lawsuit filed in May by the watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, as well as two history-focused organizations: the National Security Archive and the Society for the History of American Foreign Relations. The suit alleged that the White House was failing to maintain and putting at risk records of presidential actions required to be documented by the Presidential Records Act.
  • October 4:
    • Michael Atkinson, the inspector general of the intelligence community, gave a private briefing to House lawmakers from both parties about the whistleblower complaint. Atkinson said his office received the complaint in August and determined that it contained an "urgent concern" that "appears credible.” He gave lawmakers documents about his efforts to corroborate the complaint.
    • A series of  text messages between US diplomats and a senior Ukrainian aide was released last night. They show how a potential Ukrainian investigation into the 2016 election was linked to a desired meeting between Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and Trump.
    • State Department deadline for documents.
    • House committees sent  letter asking Pence to turn over Ukraine information for impeachment probe.
    • Ukrainian Prosecutor General Ruslan Ryaboshapka announces he will audit 15 previous investigations, including one involving the owner of Burisma, the Ukrainian gas company for which Hunter Biden served as a board member.
    •  House Democrats subpoena White House for Ukraine documents.
    • Treasury Inspector General to Review Handling of Trump’s Tax Returns. An Internal Revenue Service whistle-blower filed a complaint over the summer claiming that senior Treasury officials tried to exert improper influence over the audit. According to a government official familiar with its contents, it claims that political appointees in the Treasury Department were pressuring I.R.S. officials to ignore the requirement to scrutinize Mr. Trump’s returns. The inspector general investigation is in response to a request from Representative Richard E. Neal of Massachusetts, the Democratic chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, who has been leading congressional efforts to gain access to Mr. Trump’s financial information.
  • October 7:
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary  George Kent (subpoena) is scheduled to testify on Monday. Update: The Washington Post reported that Kent did not show up for his deposition on Monday.
    • The Democratic chairmen of the House Intelligence, Oversight and Foreign Affairs Committees today  subpoenaed the Pentagon and the Office of Management and Budget for documents on the decision to withhold military assistance to Ukraine. They are demanding the agencies turn over documents by Oct. 15.
  • October 8:
    • The Trump administration directed Gordon Sondland, U.S. ambassador to the European Union, not to appear for a scheduled deposition as part of the House Democrats’ impeachment inquiry into the president Tuesday.
    • Counselor T. Ulrich Brechbuhl is scheduled for a deposition (Re-scheduled to Oct. 17).
    • House Democrats issued a  subpoena to Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland after the State Department directed him not to testify before Congress this morning. The subpoena demanded Sondland turn over documents by Oct. 14, and appear for a deposition on Oct. 16. (Re-scheduled to Oct. 17).
  • October 9: Democratic chairmen Schiff, Engel and Cummings  sent a letter to Fiona Hill, Trump's former Russia adviser, asking her to testify on Oct. 14. The letter includes a list of documents requested from Hill, who left her position in August, dating back to Jan. 20, 2017, including documents related to phone calls and interactions between the presidents of the U.S. and Ukraine or efforts by the Trump administration to work with Ukraine to investigate Biden. .
  • October 10:
    • Two Ukrainian-born business partners who dined with Trump at the White House and worked with his personal attorney Rudy Giuliani were  subpoenaed by House Democrats as part of its impeachment inquiry — just hours after they were arrested on federal campaign finance charges ( indictment and  corresponding subpoena schedule). The foreign-born men, Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman, were arrested late Wednesday at Dulles Airport in Washington. David Correia and Andrey Kukushkin were also named in the Parnas-Fruman  indictment. Kukushkin was arrested in San Francisco on Wednesday. Federal investigators said Thursday that Correia is still at large. Parnas is to appear before the House Intelligence, Foreign Affairs and Oversight committees Thursday, while Fruman is to appear Friday.
    • Lawmakers, Reps. Adam Schiff of California, Elijah Cummings of Maryland and Eliot Engel of New York,  subpoenaed Energy Secretary Rick Perry announcing a subpoena for a variety of  Ukraine-related documents. It provides a deadline of Oct. 18..
  • October 11:
    • House Democrats subpoenaed Fiona Hill, a former official on the White House National Security Council who was a top adviser on Russian matters.
    • Former US Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch testified in private before congressional investigators. She said she was removed from her post because of pressure from Trump and that Trump’s allies had spread "unfounded and false claims" about her loyalty. She also questioned the motives of Trump’s personal attorney Rudy Giuliani and his associates who advocated for her dismissal. A top department official assured her that she had "done nothing wrong."  Read Yovanovitch’s prepared statement via the Post.
    • Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union, will appear Oct. 17 for a deposition before House committees as part of the impeachment inquiry in spite of an attempt by the Trump administration to block his testimony.
    • Bill Taylor, the veteran State Department official who called freezing Ukrainian aid “crazy,” has been asked to give a deposition before House committees.
    • In a  2-1 ruling, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit ruled that Congress can seek eight years of the President's business records from his accounting firm and rejected the president’s bid to block lawmakers from subpoenaing the documents.
  • October 14:
    • The House Intelligence Committee and  Sam Kislin, one of Rudy Giuliani’s associates have reached ”an understanding” for now to avoid a closed-door deposition.
    • Rudy Giuliani deposition scheduled.
    • U.S. Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland documents deadline.
    • Fiona Hill, who served as the top National Security Council adviser on Russia until her departure in August, testified behind closed doors to House lawmakers. CNN reported that Hill told lawmakers she was concerned about what Trump attorney Rudy Giuliani was doing in Ukraine and tried to report "wrongdoing" to multiple White House officials, including an attorney.
  • October 15:
    • Document deadline: Note (10-15 - All below have refused to comply)
      • Rudy Giuliani, Trump's personal attorney
      •  Vice President Pence
      • Secretary of Defense Mark Esper
      • Office of Management and Budget Director Russel Vought
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary of State  George Kent (subpeona), who oversees US policy on Ukraine, testified under subpoena privately before House lawmakers as part of the impeachment inquiry. He testified that a State Department supervisor told him to lie low after he raised complaints about Trump lawyer Rudy Giuliani's efforts to undermine US foreign policy in Ukraine.
    • Former Rep. Pete Sessions, an unnamed member of Congress mentioned in an  indictment of Parnas and Fruman, subpoenaed by grand jury for documents relating to Giuliani’s business relationships with Ukraine and his role in the removal of Marie Yovanovitch as U.S. ambassador to Ukraine.
  • October 16:
    • David Correia, the fourth defendant in a case centered around business associates of the President's personal attorney, Rudy Giuliani, was taken into custody by the FBI at JFK airport, the U.S. attorney’s office in Manhattan confirmed. Another man named in the  indictment, Andrey Kukushkin, was arrested in California.
    • Subpoena deadlines for Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman to turn over documents.
    • Michael McKinley, a former senior adviser to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, told House impeachment investigators Wednesday that he quit his job last week out of concern about the mistreatment of career U.S. diplomats and the alarming allegations related to efforts to pressure Ukraine’s president into investigating Trump’s political rivals. "I was disturbed by the implication that foreign governments were being approached to procure negative information on political opponents," McKinley said, according to portions of his testimony obtained by The Washington Post. "I was convinced that this would also have a serious impact on Foreign Service morale and the integrity of our work overseas.".
  • October 17:
    • Ulrich Brechbuhl, the State Department counselor, is scheduled for a deposition.
    • US Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland testified in private, under subpoena, before House investigators. He said Trump directed him and other diplomats to work with Trump’s personal attorney Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine issues. Sondland claimed he wasn’t aware that Giuliani was trying to spur a Ukrainian investigation into the Bidens, even though Giuliani was very open about his intentions at the time, in tweets and television interviews.  Read his opening statement here.
  • October 18:
    • White House Acting Chief of Staff  Mick Mulvaney documents deadline.
    • Energy Secretary  Rick Perry documents deadline.
  • October 22: Bill Taylor, a career official who is the top US diplomat in Ukraine, testified under subpoena in a closed session before House lawmakers. CNN reported that Taylor testified that he was told by US Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland that Trump was withholding military aid from Ukraine until Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky announced investigations into Biden and 2016 election interference.  Read his opening statement here
  • October 23:
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Laura Cooper, a top career official at the Pentagon who oversees Ukraine policy, appeared in private before House lawmakers. House Republicans barged into the secure room to protest the proceedings, briefly delaying her testimony.
    • Michael Duffey, OMB Associate Director for National Security Programs deposition.
    • Rudy Giuliani associates Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman were arraigned and plead not guilty. The next hearing on the case Dec. 2
  • October 25:
    • House Democrats subpoenaed  Russell Vought (subpoena), acting director of the Office of Management and Budget. Vought previously ignored a request for a voluntary closed-door deposition.
    • House Democrats subpoenaed State Department Counselor  T. Ulrich Brechbuhl (subpoena), a top adviser to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. He had followed State Department guidance and ignored a previous request to appear voluntarily for an interview.
    • House Democrats subpoenaed  Michael Duffey (subpoena), associate director for national security programs at the Office of Management and Budget. He previously ignored a request for a voluntary closed-door deposition on Capitol Hill.
    • Suriya Jayanti, a State Department official and career foreign service officer who is currently stationed in the Ukrainian capital of Kiev, is scheduled to testiy.
    • Kathryn Wheelbarger, acting assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs, has been called to testify
  • October 26: Philip Reeker, a career foreign service officer now serving as the acting assistant secretary for European and Eurasian affairs, testified privately before House lawmakers. The deposition was on a Saturday, the first formal weekend work of the impeachment inquiry..
  • October 28:
    • Former deputy national security adviser  Charles Kupperman subpoenaed to testify however he has chosen not to. Kupperman filed a lawsuit last week in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia requesting that the court decide for him whether he "should comply with the House's subpoena or with the President's assertion of immunity and instruction that he not appear and testify. Absent a ruling, Kupperman's attorney said he would not appear — unless the court issues a ruling instructing him to appear. UPDATE: The House withdrew the subpoena on Nov 6 and have no plans to re-issue it.
    • The Justice Department is appealing a  court’s decision last week that the House of Representatives should get access to secret grand jury information from the Mueller investigation as it considers impeaching the President.
    • Gordon Sondland, the ambassador to the European Union, is back on Capitol Hill this morning with his attorney to review the transcript of his deposition in the impeachment inquiry. UPDATE: In a review of the transcript of his deposition, Sondland when asked whether he believed Ukraine agreeing to open investigations was a condition for a White House meeting and asked whether that arrangement was a quid pro quo, Sondland said he believed the answer was yes. The clarification comes in direct contradiction to his ealier testimony. An addional note is that this further validates Bill Taylor's testimony.
  • October 29:
    • Alexander Vindman, National Security Council director for European Affairs, testified to impeachment investigators Tuesday that he twice raised concerns over Trump's push to have Ukraine investigate Democrats and Joe Biden. Vindman is the first official to testify who actually heard Trump's July 25 call with new Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy. He reported his concerns to the NSC's lead counsel, he said in his prepared remarks.  Read his opening statement here.
    • Representative Jim McGovern (D-Massachusetts) introduced a resolution  (H. Res. 660) in House Rules Committee setting forth "rules for the format of open hearings in the House Intelligence Committee, including staff-led questioning of witnesses, and [authorization for] the public release of deposition transcripts". The resolution also proposes the procedures for the transfer of evidence to House Judiciary Committee as it considers articles of impeachment.
  • October 30:
    • Christopher Anderson, a career foreign service officer who works at the State Department, testified in private before House lawmakers. Anderson, who is an expert on Ukraine issues, was previously a deputy to then-US Special Envoy for Ukraine Kurt Volker, who resigned in September.  Anderson's opening statement.
    • Catherine Croft, a State Department expert on Ukraine, testified in private before House lawmakers. She previously worked under then-US Special Envoy for Ukraine Kurt Volker. She testified about efforts by a lobbyist to remove the US ambassador to Ukraine. Read  Croft's opening statement
    • Kathryn Wheelbarger, acting assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security is scheduled.
    • Trump’s nominee to become U.S. ambassador to Russia, John Sullivan, testified in his Senate confirmation hearing on Wednesday that he knew earlier this year about Giuliani’s involvement in the campaign to oust Yovanovitch.
  • October 31:
    • The House on Thursday formalized the impeachment inquiry into the President. The  resolution (H.R.660) sets the rules for the inquiry and is a sign the process will soon become more public. The resolution passed with a vote of 232 to 196, which was mostly along party lines.
    • White House adviser Timothy Morrison in his  opening statement confirmed Thursday that military aid to Ukraine was held up by the President’s demand for the ally to investigate Democrats and Joe Biden.

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November 2019

  • November 1: Igor Fruman bail modification hearing. U.S. District Court Judge Paul Oetken denied the request that the bail conditions be lifted, saying they are “reasonably necessary” considering his resources to travel internationally.
  • November 2: Judge orders release of  Mueller's witness notes. The release, received by CNN on Saturday, includes 274 pages of Mueller team interview notes, emails and other documents related to the cooperation of Richard Gates, former top campaign official Steve Bannon and former Trump personal attorney Michael Cohen. Per a judge's order, the Justice Department will continue to release new tranches of the Mueller investigative notes monthly to CNN and Buzzfeed News, which also sued for them.
  • November 4:
    • Witnesses expected to testify in closed session:
      • John Eisenberg, deputy counsel to the President under supoena. Failed to appear.
      • Robert Blair, senior adviser to the acting chief of staff under supoena. Failed to appear.
      • Michael Ellis, senior associate counsel to the President under supoena. Failed to appear.
      • Brian McCormack, associate director Office of Management and Budget under supoena. Failed to appear.
    • The House releases the testimony transcripts of
  • November 5:
    • Witnesses expected to testify in closed session:  Michael Duffey (subpoena), Associate Director for National Security Programs - under subpoena and Wells Griffith, special assistant to the President and senior director for international energy and environment at the National Security Council.
    • The House releases the testimony transcripts of
      •  Kurt Volker, special envoy to Ukraine. Key excerpts can be  read here. In addition, the Committees released all additional Volker text messages received by the Committees, which can be read here. Key excerpts from these additional text messages can be  read here.
      •  Gordon Sondland, U.S. Ambassador to the EU. Key excerpts can be  read here.
    • House Democrats requested testimony from acting White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, a key player in the Ukraine scandal with firsthand knowledge of key events. In an October press conference, Mulvaney brashly admitted that Trump froze US aid to Ukraine in part to pressure Ukraine to investigate the Democrats – before later denying the quid pro quo.
  • November 6:
    • Witnesses expected to testify in closed session:
      •  Russell Vought, Acting OMB Director scheduled under subpoena.
      •  T. Ulrich Brechbuhl, Counselor of the State Department, is scheduled for deposition under subpoena.
      •  Rick Perry, Secretary of Energy. Under subpoena.
    • State Department official David Hale, the under secretary for political affairs, testified in private before House lawmakers. The Associated Press reported that Hale was expected to shed new light on why Secretary of State Mike Pompeo didn’t defend then-US Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch in the wake of public attacks from Trump’s allies.
    • The House releases the testimony transcripts of  Bill Taylor, acting Ambassador to Ukraine. Key excerpts can be  read here.
    • House Democrats on Wednesday withdrew a subpoena for former White House Deputy National Security Adviser Charles Kupperman.
  • November 7:
    • Scheduled for deposition:
      • Jennifer Williams, an aide to Vice President Mike Pence, testified in private before House lawmakers. CNN reported that Williams was on the line during Trump’s July 25 call with the Ukrainian President, and that she was concerned about what she heard.
      • John Bolton, former National Security Adviser. Failed to appear.
      • Mick Mulvaney issued a subpoena to appear. Failed to appear. for the scheduled deposition. Mulvaney has publicly admitted that Trump froze US aid to Ukraine in part to pressure Ukraine to investigate the Democrats – before later denying the quid pro quo.
    •  George Kent deposition transcript released. Key excerpts can be read here.
  • November 8:
    • The House Intelligence Committee subpoenaed acting White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney.
    • House releases  Alex Vindman. (deposition transcript) transcript.
    • House releases  Fiona Hill. (deposition transcript) transcript.
    • A lawyer for the Ukraine call  whistleblower sent White House counsel Pat Cipollone a letter on November 7 warning Trump to "cease and desist" attacking his client: "Let me be clear: should any harm befall any suspected named whistleblower or their family, the blame will rest squarely with your client."
  • November 11: House releases testimony transcripts:
    •  Laura Cooper (deposition transcript), a top career official at the Pentagon who oversees Ukraine policy. Key excerpts can be  read here.
    •  Catherine Croft (deposition transcript), a State Department expert on Ukraine. Key excerpts can be  read here.
    •  Christopher Anderson (deposition transcript), a career foreign service officer who works at the State Department. Key excerpts can be  read here.
  • November 13: First televised hearing. Testifying today at 9 a.m. ET:
    • Deputy Assistant Secretary of State George Kent testified before the House Committee as part of the first public impeachment hearing. He testified that Trump’s personal attorney Rudy Giuliani tried "to gin up politically motivated investigations" in Ukraine.
    • Bill Taylor, the top US diplomat in Ukraine, testified before the House Committee as part of the first public impeachment hearing. He provided new details about Trump’s repeated interest in securing investigations by the Ukrainian government into his domestic political rivals.   Testimony video - (Taylor & Kent)
  • November 15: Scheduled for public hearings to begin at 9 a.m. ET :
    • Marie Yovanovitch, Former US Ambassador to Ukraine, testified before the House Intelligence Committee, as part of the second public impeachment hearing in the House. She detailed her experience being pulled from Kiev at Trump’s orders this spring.   Testimony video - (Yovanovitch)
    • David Holmes,  (his opening statement), an aide to top US diplomat Bill Taylor, gave a private deposition for House lawmakers. Holmes is one of the Taylor aides who overheard Trump mention the Ukraine “investigations” on a phone call with another top US diplomat, sources told CNN.
  • November 16:
    • Mark Sandy, a top official at the Office of Management and Budget, testified behind closed doors for the House impeachment inquiry. Sandy was the first OMB official to testify, providing a window into the office’s role in holding up $391 million in military aid for Ukraine.
    •  Jennifer Williams (deposition transcript), aide to Vice President Mike Pence, transcript released. Key excerpts can be  read here.
    • Tim Morrison (deposition transcript), former National Security Council official, transcript released. Key excerpts can be  read here.
  • November 18: House releases documents:
    •  David Holmes (deposition transcript), a political counsel at the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine. Key excerpts can be  read here.
    •  David Hale (deposition transcript), an aide to top US diplomat Bill Taylor. Key excerpts can be  read here.
  • November 19: Scheduled for public hearings:
    •  Alex Vindman. (deposition transcript), the top Ukraine expert on the White House National Security Council, testified publicly before the House Intelligence Committee. He told lawmakers he reported concerns about Trump’s call with the Ukrainian President out of a "sense of duty" because he thought it was "improper" for Trump to demand an investigation into Biden.
    •  Jennifer Williams (deposition transcript), an aide to Vice President Mike Pence, testified publicly before the House Intelligence Committee. She described the July 25th phone call between Trump and Ukrainian President Zelensky as "unusual" because it touched on a domestic US political issue.  Testimony video - (Vindman & Williams)
    •  Kurt Volker (deposition transcript), Former US Special Envoy for Ukraine, testified publicly before the House Intelligence Committee. He said that if he had realized that Trump wanted Ukraine to investigate the Bidens, he would have "raised my own objections" because it would have been "unacceptable."
    • Tim Morrison (deposition transcript), who served as the top Russia expert on the White House’s National Security Council, testified publicly before the House Intelligence Committee. He told lawmakers that the impeachment proceedings distracted from Ukraine’s ongoing war against Russia.  Testimony video - (Volker & Morrison)
  • November 20: Scheduled for public hearings:
    •  Gordon Sondland (deposition transcript), US Ambassador to the European Union, testified in public before the House Intelligence Committee. Sondland confirmed that there was a "quid pro quo" with Ukraine and that he kept senior Trump administration officials in the loop about the efforts to secure investigations from Ukraine, which he said he pursued at Trump’s "direction.". Public hearing opening statement (11-20-19).   Testimony video - (Sondland)
    •  David Hale (deposition transcript), State Department official, the under secretary for political affairs, testified in public before the House Intelligence Committee. Democrats on the committee granted a request from the Republicans, who are in the minority, to invite Hale to testify.
    •  Laura Cooper (deposition transcript), Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, testified in public before the House Intelligence Committee. She testified that members of her staff had heard from Ukrainian officials in late July about the holdup of US military aid, months earlier than previously known. Public hearing  opening statement (11-20-19).  Addendum to her opening statement.   Testimony video - (Cooper & Hale)
  • November 21: Scheduled for public hearings:
    •  Fiona Hill (Deposition Transcript)., who was the top White House adviser on Russia, testified at a public hearing before the House Intelligence Committee. She forcefully rejected Trump-backed conspiracy theories that Ukraine – and not Russia – meddled in the 2016 election.  Read her opening statement here.
    •  David Holmes (deposition transcript), State Department official David Holmes testified at a public hearing before the House Intelligence Committee. Holmes told lawmakers about a phone call he overheard, while dining with US diplomats in Ukraine, where Trump asked about Ukrainian investigations into Biden.  Opening statement from his public hearing (11-21-19).  Opening statement from his closed-door deposition (11-15-19).  Testimony video - (Hill & Holmes)

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December 2019

  • December 1: Trump's lawyers will not participate in impeachment hearing on Wednesday.
  • December 2:
    • Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman hearing. Next scheduled date - Feb. 2. Parnas and Fruman, and two other men, Andrey Kukushkin and David Correia all,  indicted on 4 counts of violating campaign finance laws. Additional charges most likely to be added.
    • Draft report on Impeachment circulated by Intelligence committee.
  • December 3: The House Intelligence Committee voted along party lines to approve the  Democratic report on Trump’s dealings with Ukraine. The report said there was “overwhelming” evidence that Trump abused his powers and obstructed the inquiry. The vote essentially moved the impeachment inquiry on to the House Judiciary Committee. Read the report online here.
  • December 4:
    • House Judiciary Committee panel witnesses:
      • Noah Feldman, (Harvard). Read his  opening statement. During the hearing he said Trump committed impeachable offenses, and added, “if we cannot impeach a president who abuses his office for personal advantage, we no longer live in a democracy. We live in a monarchy or we live under a dictatorship.”
      • Pamela S. Karlan (Stanford). Read her  opening statement.During the hearing she said Trump committed impeachable offenses, and said, "Drawing a foreign government into our election process is an especially serious abuse of power because it undermines democracy itself."
      • Michael Gerhardt (North Carolina). Read his  opening statement. During the hearing he said Trump committed impeachable offenses, and said Trump’s dealings with Ukraine were "precisely the misconduct that the framers created a Constitution, including impeachment, to protect against."
      • Jonathan Turley (George Washington). Read his  opening statement. During the hearing Turley, who was invited by the Republicans, said Democrats haven’t made a sufficient case, adding, "I am concerned about lowering impeachment standards to fit a paucity of evidence and an abundance of anger."
    • Federal prosecutors in New York who are investigating Rudy Giuliani and his associates interviewed Ukraine oil and gas company CEO, Andriy Kobolyev.
  • December 7: Judiciary committee releases  report on historical arguments for impeachment.
  • December 9:
    • Daniel Goldman, a Democratic staff lawyer for the House Intelligence Committee, testified before the House Judiciary Committee. He spoke about the Intelligence panel’s findings that Trump abused his official powers by pressuring Ukraine to interfere in the 2020 election.
    • Steve Castor, a Republican staff lawyer for the House Intelligence Committee, testified before the House Judiciary Committee about the investigation into Trump’s dealings with Ukraine. He said Trump should not be impeached and Democrats were acting in bad faith.
    • Barry Berke, a Democratic staff lawyer for the House Judiciary Committee, testified before that committee about the case to impeach Trump. He spoke about the committee’s findings that there are legitimate constitutional grounds to impeach Trump.
  • December 11: House Judiciary Committee to begin debating articles of impeachment prior to releasing for vote by entire House.
  • December 13: The House Judiciary Committee approved two articles of impeachment against Trump, charging him with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress in the Ukraine affair. The 23-17 vote along party lines moved the articles out of the committee and sent it to the full House for consideration.  Watch the vote here.
  • December 16:  House Judiciary Committee report on the evidentiary and legal basis for charging President Trump with two articles of impeachment for committing 'high Crimes and Misdemeanors' to accompany  H. Res. 755.
  • December 17: House Democrats approve rules for debate on articles of impeachment. The House Rules Committee voted along party lines to pass rules governing the floor debate about whether to impeach the President for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. The rules allow for six hours of debate on the articles of impeachment, which will be voted on and argued separately. The Judiciary Committee will determine which member speaks, and the rules also allow for a resolution appointing impeachment managers.The floor debate is expected Wednesday (18) and Thursday (19).
  • December 18:
    • The House of Representatives approved the first article of impeachment against Trump, charging him with abusing his powers for political gain in the Ukraine affair. The 230-197 vote was largely along partisan lines: two Democrats broke ranks and joined all Republicans to vote "no," while one Republican-turned-independent voted "yes.".
    • The House of Representatives approved the second article of impeachment against Trump, charging him with obstructing Congress during the impeachment inquiry. The 229-198 vote was largely along partisan lines: three Democrats broke ranks and joined all Republicans to vote "no," while one Republican-turned-independent voted "yes."

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January 2020

  • January 14: Speaker Nancy Pelosi announces that the full House would vote on sending the articles of impeachment against Donald Trump to the Senate.
  • January 15: Speaker Pelosi delivered the articles of impeacment to the Senate and named the house managers for the trial: — Chair Adam Schiff, D-Calif., Lead Manager; Chair Jerry Nadler, D-N.Y.; Chair Zoe Lofgren, D-Calif.; Chair Hakeem Jeffries, D-N.Y.; Rep. Jason Crow, D-Colo.; Rep. Val Demings, D-Fla.; Rep. Sylvia Garcia, D-Texas.
  • January 16: Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts was sworn in as the presiding officer in the impeachment trial of the President Trump. He immediately administered the oath to 99 of the senators in attendance; Oklahoma Senator Jim Inhofe did not take the oath due to a family emergency. He adjourned the trial until Tuesday January 21st.
  • January 29: IMPEACHMENT TRIAL:
    • The impeachment trial of US President Donald Trump enters a new phase as senators are given their first chance to ask questions to both the Democratic House managers prosecuting the case and the defense team working for the president. After this phase of the trial, the proceedings will move into the much-anticipated debate over whether more evidence - including subpoenaing witnesses and documents - will be permitted.
    •  Congressional record of the days proceedings.

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February 2020

  • February 2: U.S. District Judge Paul Oetken in Manhattan set an Oct. 5 trial date for Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman.
  • February 5: IMPEACHMENT TRIAL
    • The Senate voted 52-48 and 53-37 (not guilty) on both articles of impeachment ending the shortest impeachment trial in U.S. history. The vote reflected a bi-partisan vote to convict and a partisan vote for acquittal.
    •  Congressional record of the days proceedings.
  • Feburary 7: Alexander Vindman fired, and his brother Yevgeny is escorted out of the White House and removed from his position. Trump also fires Sondland
  • Feburary 19: Assange's barrister alleged at Westminster Magistrates' Court that Rohrabacher had visited Assange at the Ecuadorian embassy in August 2017 and, on instructions from President Trump, offered a pardon if Assange said Russia had no role in the 2016 Democratic National Committee email leaks. White House Press Secretary Stephanie Grisham denied the allegations. Rohrabacher had previously confirmed the August 16 meeting, saying he and Assange talked about "what might be necessary to get him out" and discussed a presidential pardon in exchange for information on the theft of DNC emails that were published by WikiLeaks before the 2016 presidential election.
  • Feburary 20: Roger Stone sentenced to 40 months in prison, a $20,000 fine, and two years of supervised release.
  • February 27:Michael Flynn sentencing postponed "until further notice".

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March 2020

  • March 31:
    • The D.C. and 2nd Circuit courts of appeals and the House Oversight and Reform Committee cases to be argued before the Supreme Court.
    • Barr is scheduled to testify before the House Judiciary Committee regarding three topics: overruling prosecutors on Stone’s recommended sentence, the arrangement for Giuliani to provide information on Ukraine, and the pulled nomination of Jessie K. Liu. The GOP-majority Senate previously fails to ask Barr to testify about the Justice Department's decision to reduce Roger Stone’s sentencing recommendation.

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October 2020

  • October 5: Trail date for Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman, two associates of President Donald Trump’s personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani.

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